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A Brief History of Dogs: Part 1

Humans and dogs have had a bond for thousands of years. Have you ever wondered how this all began?

Let’s find out together. According to Britannica.com, the Dog is Canis lupus familiaris, domestic mammal

of the family Canidae (order Carnivora). It is a sub species of Canis lupus (Gray Wolf) and is related to

foxes and jackals.  

Dogs have lived with Humans for more than 12,000 years. Along with cats, dogs are the most common

pets. Dogs evolved from the gray wolf into more than 400 distinct breeds, with a significant role played

by humans. Most dog breeds (aside from the toy breeds) were bred for specific purposes and their

temperament, instincts, and physical attributes reflect these purposes.

Throughout human history, dogs have played an important role. As livestock was domesticated 7,000-

9,000 years ago, dogs were used as herders, guards, and protectors of sheep, goat, and cattle. Although

dogs still perform many useful functions like police work and house guards, they are also used

increasingly for social purposes. Dogs these days provide emotional support, and are also used in

nursing homes and hospitals to encourage patients towards recovery.

Dogs are considered pack animals and can form a strong bond with familiar humans. Their traits of

loyalty and obedience have won them millions of human fans and made them one of the most popular

pets in the world. Advances in veterinary science have made it possible to identify and address many

genetic issues in various breeds and are allowing their families to take increasingly better care of their

canine family members.

 

Sources

Hirst, K. Kris. "Dog History: How and Why Dogs were Domesticated." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020,

thoughtco.com/how-and-why-dogs-were-domesticated-170656.

https://www.britannica.com/animal/dog


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