Humans and dogs have had a bond for thousands of years. Have you ever wondered how this all began?
Let’s find out together. According to Britannica.com, the Dog is Canis lupus familiaris, domestic mammal
of the family Canidae (order Carnivora). It is a sub species of Canis lupus (Gray Wolf) and is related to
foxes and jackals.
Dogs have lived with Humans for more than 12,000 years. Along with cats, dogs are the most common
pets. Dogs evolved from the gray wolf into more than 400 distinct breeds, with a significant role played
by humans. Most dog breeds (aside from the toy breeds) were bred for specific purposes and their
temperament, instincts, and physical attributes reflect these purposes.
Throughout human history, dogs have played an important role. As livestock was domesticated 7,000-
9,000 years ago, dogs were used as herders, guards, and protectors of sheep, goat, and cattle. Although
dogs still perform many useful functions like police work and house guards, they are also used
increasingly for social purposes. Dogs these days provide emotional support, and are also used in
nursing homes and hospitals to encourage patients towards recovery.
Dogs are considered pack animals and can form a strong bond with familiar humans. Their traits of
loyalty and obedience have won them millions of human fans and made them one of the most popular
pets in the world. Advances in veterinary science have made it possible to identify and address many
genetic issues in various breeds and are allowing their families to take increasingly better care of their
canine family members.
Hirst, K. Kris. "Dog History: How and Why Dogs were Domesticated." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020,